Orientalism

Orientalism is a term used in art history and other academic disciplines to describe a critical approach to European representations of theĀ Orient: Eastern cultures of the Middle East, North Africa, South West Asia, and South East Asia. The work expresses ‘European knowledge of the Orient’ created by artists and writers from Western Europe. In particular,…

Semiotics

Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913) founder to not only linguistics but also to what is now referred to as semioticsĀ  first discussed in his Course in general Linguistics, 1916. Other key figures in the in the early development was the American philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) and later Charles William Morris (1901-1979), who developed…

Archiving

Archive Archives are collections of documents or records which have been selected for permanent preservation because of their value as evidence or as a source for historical or other research. Records are created by the activities of organizations and people; they serve an active purpose while in current use and some of them are later…

Authorship

Authorship 1. origin, especially with reference to an author, creator, producer, etc., of a work: establishing the authorship of early medieval manuscripts. 2. the occupation or career of writing books, articles, etc. To have proficient research, practiced consideration must be taken regarding the validity and bias of sources. To do this, questions must be asked…